Why, Do You Know, Why Reasons

Do you know the 'why' reasons, or, do the 'whys' often bother you for scientific explanations? For instance, you do know that stars twinkle, but do you know the reasons why, and how? Or, do you know the 'why' reasons behind falling in love? Or, do you know the reasons why dogs bury bones? Probably many of you don’t! Why Corner – the 'why' blog, answers these 'whys' for basic knowledge, with real reasons for the 'why' facts. So, just know them all here if you have the 'why' urge, that is!

May 26, 2008

Do you know why smokers quit smoking?

Prof. Know Why answers for your general knowledge and awareness on why smokers quit smoking:

If you are a smoker, you may know that the urge to smoke is contagious, but did you know that quitting the puff is, too? Well, a team of researchers, recently, has found that contagious pattern with smoking cessation. They observed that a smoker is more likely to kick the habit of smoking if a spouse, friend, co-worker or sibling does so.

Moreover, the research showed that smokers tend to quit smoking in groups as those who don't stop puffing, increasingly find themselves pushed to the edge of their social circles.

"Your smoking behavior depends upon not just the smoking behavior of the people you know, but also the people who they know" and so on, said Dr. Nicholas Christakis, a medical sociologist at Harvard Medical School and lead author of the new report.

This latest study, by Christakis and his colleague James Fowler of the University of California, San Diego, which appeared in New England Journal of Medicine and was funded by the National Institute on Aging, focused on people's smoking habits in the social network.

The findings back up previous studies showing that peer influence plays a key role in smoker's decision to stop smoking and provide evidence that the "buddy system" used by smoking cessation, weight loss and alcoholism programs to change addictive behavior, works.

The researchers examined the social lives of 12,067 people in the Framingham Heart Study, which has been tracking the health of residents of that Boston suburb from 1971 to 2003. They were able to reconstruct people's ties to one another since participants had to list contact information for their family, friends, co-workers and neighbors so researchers would not lose track of them over the years. The prevalence of smokers in the Framingham study over the years mirrored national trends.

Not surprisingly, the greatest influence was seen in close relationships. When a spouse stops smoking, the other partner is 67 percent less likely to smoke. Similarly, when a friend quits smoking, the chance of the other, continuing to smoke, drops by 36 percent. The odds are similar among co-workers and siblings, also.

People who were connected to others by up to three degrees of separation were also influenced. If one person quits smoking, the chance of a person two degrees apart, stopping the smoking habit is 29 percent. In a three-degree separation, the chances are 11 percent.

"One person in the group gets the motivation to quit and it starts to cascade and ripple through the group," said Fowler.

Jill Palmer, 28, was a one-pack-a-day smoker until she checked into a cessation program last year at the University of Wisconsin, Madison where she works. She took nicotine gum and worked with a counselor to set a “quit date”. Several days after Palmer went smoke-free, her husband also threw away his last pack. "It was spurred by my timing. He didn't want to be a smoker anymore," said Palmer, who credits her nonsmoking co-workers with persuading her to enroll in the cessation program.

The researchers found, by analyzing random samples of smoking clusters, that whole groups became nonsmokers over time because people who remained smokers found themselves moving to the fringe of their social circles.

So, that says it all, why smokers quit smoking? –They are actually forced to!

Related Why Answers:

Bookmark and Share

1 comment:

sam said...

I think quit smoking harder for every one. I am addicted to smoking. I always try to get out form such addiction but always I fail to do!!!!!